Data Collection

Data Collection

Using Government Records for Research

Government records are very useful secondary source in the research. They provide large data that is otherwise cumbersome for the researcher to collect. Each of the government department collect data through census or other research that is often available for the researchers. For example, government departments like housing, social security, electoral statistics, tax records etc provide detailed statistics to the …

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Descriptive Qualitative Research Design

What is a descriptive qualitative research design? Qualitative description is another name for this research design. It can answer questions like what, who, where, and when. The answers to these questions are not possible form first hand experiments, or observations. Therefore, the researcher asks these questions from people who know about the phenomenon. Or gathers information from secondary sources like …

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Methods and Methodology in research

methods and methodology

Research methods and methodology are not interchangeable terms and they are both important for a research. Some students do not know whether they are talking about one or the other and this brings confusion for the reader. Generally, methodology is a broad term while methods is specific in nature. What you need to know….. A research method is a tool …

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Blinding and Masking

Blinding or masking in research refers to not informing the patients and/or the investigators about the treatment assessment. The reason for blinding and masking is to prevent subjective bias that can occur due to the knowledge of the assessment. The use of blinding and masking is most common in medical studies. Especially, when the outcomes of an intervention are studied. …

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Data Triangulation in Qualitative Research

Research glasses

Written by Saira Naeem Data triangulation in qualitative research is used as a means to make sure that the research is AffluentRobustComprehensive and Well developed What does data triangulation mean? Data triangulation is where the researcher uses two or more methods for the verification of the findings and results. Data triangulation is also called cross examination because it double or even triple checks …

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Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria in Research

criteria

It is a common practice in clinical studies to clearly identify the inclusion and exclusion criteria for the research participants. The researcher uses a criteria that defines what participants should participate in the clinical trial. The researcher also specify a criteria to explain why other participants cannot participate in the research. Factors influencing inclusion and exclusion criteria The inclusion of …

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Understanding Data Collection in Research

difficult part of research

Written by Saira Naeem When doing research you are going to hear the words data and data collection often enough, you are going to be asked what your data is? How you are going to gather the requisite data? What methods have you used to collect the data? What were your sources of data?  And so on. Therefore, instead of …

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Bias in Data Collection in Research

bias in data collection

Bias in data collection can be introduced by the researcher or other people involved in the data collection process. This can occur during sampling or during the construction of the instrument, as well as during the submission and gathering of data. Data collection process is an important phase of research since all the data results, analysis, evaluations, and conclusions depend …

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Purpose of sampling in research

Sampling

Written by Saira Naeem Before diving head on into the purpose of sampling in research, a quick revision of the previous information and known facts, definitions etc may be needed. As you know a sample is a subset or a smaller part chosen from a larger population.A sample is chosen using any one of the techniques of probability of non …

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Random Sampling in Research

Simple random sampling

Written by Saira Naeem As a student of research you most certainly would have heard and be familiar with the terms populations, samples, probability and non probability sampling methods etc. These are all sampling terminologies an understanding of these terminologies help the researcher in undertaking the research. While there are various text books on research methods that most certainly and …

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