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Research Characteristics

External Validity in Research

external validity in research

Written by Saira Naeem There are two main types of validity internal validity and external validity. While internal validity is concerned with how well the research is structured, its procedural processes (research design and methods) and how it is conducted so that a cause and effect relationship can be upheld. External validity refers to the generalizability of the research findings or conclusions. …

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Internal Validity in Research

internal validity in research

Written by Saira Naeem A researcher conducting a study or experiment generally wants two things to happen. The researcher wants the study and the findings to be valid and reliable. Validity and reliability are two most important characteristics of research. While you may feel that these two terms can be used interchangeably, one in place of the other. There’s a …

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Generalizability in Qualitative Research

generalizability in qualitative research

How to achieve generalizability in qualitative research? It has long been perceived that qualitative research lacks generalizability. The qualitative researchers argue that the aim behind qualitative research is not to achieve generalizability as the results are only relevant to a small group of population. The researchers working on quantitative research methods think that qualitative research lacks in external validity. The …

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What is Accuracy in Research?

accuracy in research

Accuracy in research is a research characteristic that provides a way to know how close are the sample parameters to population characteristics. So accuracy means how precisely the measured value or findings reflect the real or the original values. By measuring the accuracy of the research the researcher can prove that the research is generalizable, reliable, and valid. Validity, reliability …

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What is Generalizability in Research?

what is generalizability in research

In this article we will discuss what is generlaizability in research. We will discuss how and why generalizability is an important characteristic of research. How the researchers can improve the generalizability of their research by using certain tools. The researcher should have understanding of how to make a research generalizable before conducting the research. Definition Generalizability can be defined as …

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Characteristics of Research

Characteristic of Data

Research is a scientific inquiry the aim of every research is to add to the available knowledge. Regardless of any methodology or approach a researcher follows the research should have some characteristics. The below-mentioned characteristics of research have been taken from the Ranjit Kumar’s book Research Methodology. These characteristics have been explained here in simplest terms to understand and implement. The …

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What is Reliability and Validity in Research

Definitions of reliability and validity Reliability In the research, reliability is the degree to which the results of the research are consistent and repeatable. Researchers repeat research again and again in different settings to compare the reliability of the research. Theories are developed from the research inferences when it proves to be highly reliable. In experiments, the question of reliability …

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What is Research: Research Characteristics

Every research is conducted in one of the paradigms of the research, different paradigms do not mean that the research will have different characteristics. Regardless of any epistemology, paradigm, methodology or research method, every research will have same characteristics. Why? Because these characteristics define research. The data collection, analysis and the presentation of knowledge should be done keeping in mind …

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