In academic writing, repetition of ideas, words, or phrases can bring monotony and make the writing redundant. There are however ways you can use to avoid this repetition in academic writing and make it more appealing to read.
There are two ways the writer can introduce repetition in the research or other academic writing. One is when the writer repeats ideas again and again regardless of no need to do so. The other is when the writer repeats words, phrases, or sentences in several parts of the research paper. Both of these can make a writing less appealing.
Read out loud
Get yourself into the shoes of the reader and read your writing. This is a good chance to improve what you are communicating to your reader. Read out loud or read silently like a reader to yourself to find out if there is some unnecessary repetition. This is best way to find repetition and to correct it. There are other benefits as well of reading out loud and this is the best strategy to find any mistake.
To avoid the repetition of words that are too common you can use synonyms. Sometimes we fit one word in several paragraphs although that one word is not the best fir every time. For example, the word “study” or “to study” can fit in one place but if you write this word again and again it will not fit in every place. You can replace the word study or to study with to analyze, to interpret, to examine, to understand, to examine, to know, etc. Some students use the same word without knowing that it is not the best option. Therefore, it is best to check thesaurus for better options.
Edit, edit, edit
I will say that edit your work as many times as you are satisfied not just as a writer but as the potential reader of the work as well. This is important some students sit back and relax as they finish writing the first draft of their writing. Because they think that the work they need to do is already done. But this is not true! Once you write the first draft you need to read it again and again and find any mistake or redundancy. This usually takes a lot of time because as you read you find mistakes that were not as obvious when you were writing it for the first time.
Ask your teacher, friend, supervisor, research advisor, or any other person expert in your field to read and edit. If you are not confident about your language command you can ask a linguist to read your writing. There are plenty of options and this will help you find out any repetitive ideas, words, or phrases that you can change.
Remove unnecessary details
Sometimes students are scared that if they will remove unnecessary details from their work it will become short. Though we love what we have written or typed with so much love and patience, there is no use keeping anything that is unnecessary. Remember again this is a kind of repetition or redundancy and your writing does not needs it. Keep your writing simple precise and concise unless you are asked to write lengthy details.
In short, use details and repetition only when it will help the readers better understand the idea. Otherwise, keep your writing simple, precise, concise, and to the point. Do not forget that your writing is the way you are communicating lengthy and cumbersome research to the reader make it presentable.